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Addiction Terms You Should Know

National Institute on Drug Abuse, www.nida.nih.gov/ .

Normative Education
Provides students with accurate information about the numbers of people who actually use alcohol, tobacco, or drugs, in order to correct the frequent misperception that use is widespread.

Over the Counter. Medicines and inhalants that can be purchased anywhere and consumed as a mood altering substance.

(Less Than Twenty-Four Hour Care) Outpatient–Treatment/recovery/aftercare or rehabilitation services provided where the client does not reside in a treatment facility. The client receives drug abuse or alcoholism treatment services with or without medication, including counseling and supportive services. This also is known as nonresidential services in the alcoholism field. Intensive Outpatient–Services provided to a client that last two or more hours per day for three or more days per week. Daycare is included in this category. Detoxification–Outpatient treatment services rendered in less than 24 hours that provide for safe withdrawal in an outpatient setting (pharmacological or non pharmacological).

The objective of primary prevention is to protect the individual in order to avoid problems prior to signs or symptoms of problems. It also includes those activities, programs, and practices that operate on a fundamentally non-personal basis and to alter the set of opportunities, risks, and expectations surrounding individuals. Secondary prevention identifies persons in the early stages of problem behaviors associated with alcohol and other drugs and attempts to avert the ensuing negative consequences by inducing them to cease their use through counseling or treatment. It is often referred to as early intervention. Tertiary prevention strives to end compulsive use of alcohol or other drugs an/or to ameliorate their negative effects through treatment and rehabilitation. This is most often referred to as treatment but also includes rehabilitation and relapse prevention.

Prevention Approaches
There are three main methods of prevention service delivery: Universal, Targeted and Indicated. Universal: Addresses the entire population with messages and programs aimed at preventing or delaying problem behaviors. Targeted: Selecting subsets of the total population that are assessed as at risk for problem behaviors by virtue of their membership to a particular population segment. Indicated: Identify individuals who are exhibiting early signs of problem behavior(s) and target them with special programs to prevent further onset of difficulties.

Parents Research Institute for Drug Education. The Pride Survey includes data collected from 6th through 12th grade students on youth drug use.

Principles of Prevention
Published in the Federal Registrar 1998 designed to improve the accountability of the SDFSC program. There are four principles: requiring grant recipients to base their programs on a thorough assessment, establish measurable goals and objectives, design and implement activities based on research/evaluation that demonstrates effectiveness, and evaluate programs to assess progress and refine goals and objectives.

Residential Treatment
(Twenty-four Hour Care) Hospital Inpatient (Not Detox.)–Twenty-four hour/day medical care in a hospital facility in conjunction with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and dependency. Short-Term (Thirty Days or Less)–Residential non-acute care in a setting with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and dependency. Long-Term (Over 30 Days)–Residential non-acute care in a setting with treatment services for alcohol and other drug abuse and dependency (may include transitional living arrangements such as halfway houses).

Resistance Skills/Refusal Skills
A communication skill for avoiding trouble and combating negative peer pressure. Considered an effective prevention strategy.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, www.samhsa.gov/ .

Urine Analysis.

Washington State Alcohol Drug Clearinghouse for materials and information, 1-800-662-9111.

Washington State Survey of Adolescent Health Behaviors. Measures the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use, violent behaviors, and related risk and protective factors among Washington’s 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students. The survey is conducted every two years and is sponsored by OSPI, DASA, and CTED.

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